Sandal Castle VA Community Primary School

A Church of England school serving the Community since 1686

Headteacher: Mrs Nichola Russell
Telephone: 01924 303525
Address: Barnsley Road, Sandal, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, WF2 6AS

Diocese of Leeds
No description available

‘Together we grow: Together we give’. Ezekiel 47:2

We are a school community and we are a family. We learn together, we support each other, we give our time, our kindness, our love and our compassion to those around us in our school and wider community. We help each other to be ourselves and to be proud of it and to grow in to the unique individuals we are, and as a result, we grow into the respectful and accepting community we all value so much- we are there for each other on each step of our journey.

Learning to read so we can read to learn and gain pleasure is at the heart of all areas of the curriculum. Early reading is therefore our first, foremost and central priority in school so all children are readers. Books are enjoyed and used across all curriculum areas as highly valued hooks, tools and a way of escaping in to other worlds, times, places and situations.

Our Science Vision and Values

British Science Week 2021

This week is British Science Week, which means children all over the country are taking part in science activities to celebrate! The theme this year is ‘Innovating for the Future’ and in school we are completing an investigation into how to filter water to make it clean. We will be designing and making our own water filters and testing them to see how effective they are.

Whilst you are at home, you might want to create your own water filter using items from your home and garden. There is more information on how to do this on this website: and by watching this video from Yorkshire Water:

You will need to use your scientific skills to observe the change in the water after it has passed through your filter - you could record your results through photos/videos, written notes, an article for the school newspaper explaining your findings - whatever way works for you!

If you would like to find out more information about how water is made safe to drink and about different organisations which are working to provide clean water to the world, these links might be useful:

British Science Week 2020-2021

As part of British Science Week 2021, we took part in a whole school project around the science week theme of ‘innovating for the future’. During the week we discussed the importance of clean water and investigated different materials which could be used to create a water filter. We constructed water filters, making decisions about which materials to use. We observed the change in and tested the quality of the water after it had passed through our filter. Finally, we evaluated the effectiveness of our water filter and made conclusions about which materials were most suitable to effectively filter the water.

Foundation Stage

The children all watched the Water Aid talk . We discussed what we use water for everyday and how easy getting clean water is for us with just the turn of a tap . We spoke about safe drinking water how important this is as not everyone has access to it different in parts of the world .

The children worked as a group to create a water filter to produce safer water. Each group made a different water filter . One with with sand and gravel and filter paper ,one with sand gravel and cotton wool and one with sand gravel and sponge. The Children then poured dirty water collected from the rain puddles outside into the filter . The children predicted what they thought might happen and then commented on the results . They found the cotton wool produced the clearest water from the filters .

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Year 1

Working as a group to evaluate which water filter had the best results and why?

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Year 2

Experimenting with filtering water, designing posters and thinking about ways to save/conserve water

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Year 3

The children in Year 3 were eager to see how we could apply our knowledge of materials to create innovative new water filters with water bottles that would normally go to waste! We constructed water filters, making decisions about which materials to use. We observed the change in the water from our initial sample to the water that had been through our filters. Finally, we evaluated the effectiveness of our water filter and made conclusions about which materials were the most successful.

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Year 4

In Year 4, we investigated the most effective way to filter water to make it clear. We considered different materials which we could use to create a water filter and then designed and constructed water filters in teams. We observed the change in and tested the quality of the water after it had passed through our filter and compared each group's filters to see which was the most effective. Finally, we evaluated the effectiveness of our water filters and made conclusions about which materials would be most suitable for cleaning dirty water.

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Year 5

Water Filtration Investigation

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Class Discussion Notes

Jack, Junior & Dawood: Our filter worked a little bit because the water was a lighter brown. We think our water was still mucky because we put things in the wrong order. Next time we would put cotton wool, filter paper, more cotton wool, sand, sponge and gravel.

Joseph and Kristian: It was light but not as light as we hoped. The cotton wool and filter paper collected most of the dirt, because we put cotton wool at the bottom, sponge in the middle and the filter paper at the top. Next time I think we would put cotton, sponge and filter paper together.

Sara and Olivia: We didn’t expect it to turn out very good – it would have been better if we’d put the cotton wool at the bottom. It could have been better if we had used other materials, such as: filter paper and other stuff.

Thomas, Lexa & Nataniel: Our water was clean, but not as clean as we had expected. The interesting part was after the water was filtered, it was dirtier at the bottom and clearer at the top. We think we might have shredded our cotton wool too much. We also cut our filter paper in half – instead we should have kept it whole. Next time, we would add some sponge, more cotton wool and put the full filter paper at the bottom.

Lily, Alan & George: The water came out dark and dirty. This might have happened because we put too many sticks at the top. The cotton wool had the most dirt on it. We would improve it by changing the layers and adding more cotton wool.

Eliot, Lucas & Madhia: The water was dark. We think that we could have used less of everything and we should have put gravel at the top with sticks and some sponge.

Daud, Jake & Heidi: The dirty water went into the stand and it helped it to purify. The cotton, sponge and filter paper stopped the pieces coming through. Next time, we would not add any natural things.

Amelie, Ethan & Declan: It became a light-brownish colour. We think the twigs added dirt and bacteria into the water, so it came out darker. We could improve it by making the sponge larger (not cutting it). It did not go exactly to plan because it was darker than we expected – we were hoping for a lighter result. Next time, we would like to add: more sponge, no twigs or helicopters, more gravel, sand, cotton wool and an extra layer of filter-paper.

Husna, Cole & Sira: The water was not as clean as we thought. This might have been because we put the gravel first and it was dirty. It was taking all the dirt with it! Next time, we would remove all the natural things and put less stuff in. We would also put the cotton wool at the bottom.

Ellie, Zack & Peggy: The water looked clear-ish because the materials had collected the mud. The sand squished the filter paper because we put too much sand over it. Next time, we would use less sand and get rid of the gravel as it wasn’t clean.

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Year 6

In year 6 we have used our water filter experiment to take part in the Water Aid KS2 challenge where we are designing our own solutions to the water crisis in a village called Basbedo in the African Country of Burkina Faso. The children are using their geographical understanding of the area, its climate and land, and what they have learnt from their experiment creating water filters to help them in this project. The most innovative solution will win a water butt for our class garden project- stay tuned for our finished projects and the winner!

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British Science Week 2020

British Science Week this year will take place the week commencing Monday 9th March. To celebrate this, we asked that all year groups learn about a famous Scientist at some point in the week. This can be done any way you would like, through story time, Science lessons (if you happen to be doing a Science block during the week), Golden Time Science or any other way which you think would be meaningful to the children.

Any Scientist could be chosen. Someone who we thought would be relevant to our children and their Science units. We used the 'Standing on the Shoulders of Giants' resources to inspire our choices! An overview showing which Scientist is relevant to each year group and Science unit and then a resource for each Scientist which shows what their idea was, a chronology of the idea, what they did, an experiment which children can do linked to their discovery/idea and some information about what current Scientists are doing linked to the idea was undertaken by all year groups and classes.


As part of British Science week EYFS focused on the scientist Alexander Fleming. We found out what made him famous as a 'game changer 'in the world of medicine with his discovery of penicillin, helping to keep many of us fit and healthy today. We have been finding out about bacteria and microbes and how to keep ourselves healthy with good hand hygiene . We carried out an experiment making observations, predictions and hypothesising . We took slices of bread and treated each slice differently keeping one clean and untouched, handling one with unwashed hands, one with hands washed with just water and one with hands washed with soap. We are watching eagerly for our results !

Year 1

Year 1 used the work of Lee Marek to inspire a love of Science. Marek states that: “I use what is called the ‘phenomenological’ approach to teaching science—introducing a topic with a demonstration or lab so that students have something concrete on which to focus,”. “I use demonstrations as motivators to captivate student interest and to focus on the day’s topic.”

Year 4

4LG made lava lamps using oil, water and food colouring. The oil molecules rose to the top of the bottle and the water sunk to the bottom. When we dropped in an effervescent tablet, it sank to the bottom and started dissolving, creating a gas. As the gas bubbles rose, they took some of the coloured water with them. When the blob of water reached the top, the gas escaped and the water returned to the bottom.

Circuits in Year 6

Year 2 Minibeast Hunt - June 2019

As part of our Science work on habitats, Year Two have been taking part in minibeast hunts this week. We have been identifying animals that we can find living in our natural environment, and then discussing why they are best suited to living in these locations.

Countryside Live - May 2019

We had a fantastic day at the show and children thoroughly enjoyed the range of activities. The Ferret World Roadshow was definitely a highlight –the host was really interesting and delivered information at a level the children could understand and engage in. They absolutely loved racing against the ferrets and each other! Children commented on how much they enjoyed the pond dipping and it was great that they had something to take home with them from the felt flower making activity. We also got to see some very tiny, cute bats and watch a hilariously funny sheep show!

Nuffield Health and Wellbeing project

We are working with colleagues from Nuffield in supporting our children in developing their mental health, physical health and well being.

Healthy Eating

The children explored the food categories and how to eat healthily to support our physical and mental health. They learnt that oranges help support against low mood and avocados are full of good fat- only half of one counts as one of your five a day! They played a game where the children explored vegetables and fruit that they were maybe not as familiar with and discovered how these could be worked into our diets for our health and mental well being.

Outdoor physical activity

Cross Curricular Library

Our children in KS2 have created their own artistic interpretations of the Northern Lights after learning about this scientific phenomenon and reading a wonderful text called Aurora from our Cross Curricular Library which explores the legends and myths behind the lights.

Science Objectives Y1-6

This year we have achieved the Primary Science Quality Mark (Silver).

The PSQM ensures that science remains high profile in school. It helps us evaluate and develop all aspects of science teaching and learning in our school.

Our submission for Round 13 Primary Science Quality Mark at Silver level was successful. 347 schools have achieved a PSQM award this round. We are very proud to have attained this nationally recognised status.

Please click the link below for the press release

Press release for Primary Science Quality Mark

We will be joining a local hub of science subject leaders, evaluating and moderating the quality of science within our school.

Achievement of the PSQM award celebrates our schools commitment to excellent primary science.

Core Principles of Science at Sandal Castle Primary

Science Week June 2018

Our children are taking part in CSI workshops as part of our Science week.

W1: Chromatography / Handwriting Analysis

W2: Finger Printing

W3: Lie Detecting Behavioural Analysis

W4: Photo-fit Construction

W5: Shoe Rubbings / Footprints

Look out for our photo gallery!

Sandal Castle Bake Off - May 2018

Children across school thoroughly enjoyed taking part in our school Bake Off competition this week- the cakes were original, exciting and delicious and show cased some excellent baking skills! A community cafe was held during the afternoon; parents and neighbours visited to purchase cakes. £405 was raised for our school library funds.

Reversible and Irreversible Changes

Children learn that some physical changes are readily reversible (such as freezing and melting), while some are not because new substances have been produced).

Our Science focus in Year 5 to begin 2018 is exploring Space. Already Jessica and Isaac have brought in some excellent resources to share with the class and enrich their learning. They are learning a lot from our favourite astronaut’s book: this morning they discovered that his favourite thing is brushing his teeth next to a window overlooking the Earth. Jessica’s star map has been a big hit and once the lights are turned off, they can see a map of all the constellations, our favourite was the one shaped like a slice of pizza!

We are extremely fortunate to work with the Country Trust and the Food Discovery Project. As part of the project our children experience farm visits; Ledston Estate and Swillington Organic Farm and 2 cooking days in school.

Outdoor Learning - Den Building

Our Year 1 children experienced 3 days of Den Building activity with Chris Harmon. The children used many different materials and equipment to make some spectacular dens.

Elite Coaching visited school to talk about Nutrition and Lifestyles.

Making A Wormery

Mini Beast Hunt

Using the extensive school grounds, our children explored the environment investigating the habitats of a range of mini beasts

Science Week 2017

We had a fantastic week celebrating Science. All the children got to experience hands on and interactive learning experiences through a range of activities including a Science Fair where parents were invited to join us.